Hundreds of 11-year-olds across Lincolnshire will be given intensive classes outside school hours to improve their literacy and numeracy skills.
Secondary school students who failed to make the grade in their Year 6 SATS will have the chance to catch up with peers.
More than £500,000 has been allocated for Lincolnshire to fund the scheme after the Government splashed out £54 million nationwide.
On average, each of the county's 31 secondary schools will receive £16,000. The scheme will support every Year 7 pupil who has not achieved level four – the expected level – at Key Stage Two in either or both literacy and maths.
Ultimately, it will be up to the schools to decide how they spend the cash. But students can expect one-on-one tuition or after-school classes.
These will be supported by new classroom materials and resources. Online support will also be given while children can receive tuition during school holidays.
Debbie Barnes, director of education at Lincolnshire County Council, said: "This will be welcome news to those schools who have benefited from this funding, supporting pupils who need it with intensive tuition.
"It will help some students catch up with their classmates and help them succeed at secondary schools."
Schools Minister David Laws said: "It is vital that every child has a strong grasp of maths and a good reading ability when starting their secondary education. No pupil should be left behind.
"Our Year 7 catch-up premium for literacy and maths – £500 for every pupil needing extra help – will ensure that support is best targeted to those who most need it."
Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg said: "The consequences for a pupil being left behind in the basics when they start secondary school can last for the rest of their education.
"The catch-up premium money being handed out to schools today will help pupils catch up with their peers as quickly as possible.
"Every child should have the chance to succeed and get off on the right foot when they start their new school."